Journal of Shandong University(Engineering Science) ›› 2020, Vol. 50 ›› Issue (3): 31-37, 44.doi: 10.6040/j.issn.1672-3961.0.2019.364

• Machine Learning & Data Mining • Previous Articles     Next Articles

A semantictag generation method based on multi-model subspace learning

Feng TIAN(),Xin LI,Fang LIU*(),Chuang LI,Xiaoqiang SUN,Ruishan DU   

  1. School of Computer and Information Technology, Northeast Petroleum University, Daqing 163318, Heilongjiang, China
  • Received:2019-05-14 Online:2020-06-20 Published:2020-06-16
  • Contact: Fang LIU E-mail:tianfeng1980@163.com;lfliufang1983@126.com
  • Supported by:
    国家自然科学基金资助项目(61502094);东北石油大学优秀中青年科研创新团队资助项目(KYCXTD201903);黑龙江省高等教育教学改革研究项目(SJGY20180079);黑龙江省高等教育教学改革研究项目(SJGY20190098);黑龙江省哲学社会科学研究规划项目资助项目(19SHE280);大庆市哲学社会科学规划研究项目(DSGB2019042)

Abstract:

A multi-model subspace learning semantic tag generation method was proposed, whic was based on the visual space and label space tag correlation modeling method separately. This method reconstructed the "image-tag" correlation in a non-linear manner by establishing a visual feature similarity map, thereby unifying the visual modal representation of the image and the text modal representation of the tag into a multi-model subspace, and ensuring space structure preservation before and after conversion. In this space, the text modal information of the label and the modal information of the visual content of the image were complementary to each other. The semantically related images and labels were mapped to similar sample points in the space, and the semantic label generation problem was then transformed into the nearest label-neighbors retrieval problem. The results showed that the performance of the proposed method was 36.88% on FLICKR-25K data set, and 44.17% on NUS-WIDE data set, which indicated that the proposed method could greatly improve the accuracy of label generation.

Key words: image tag generation, multimodal learning, subspace learning, space transformation, structure preservation

CLC Number: 

  • TP391

Fig.1

Pipeline of multimodal subspace learning"

Table 1

Dataset statistic"

数据集 图像/
标签/
图像/
图像平均标签/个
Flickr-25K(2008) 17 512 457 8 756 6.71
NUS-WIDE(2009) 55 615 2 892 27 808 7.83
MS-COCO(2014) 123 287 80 82 783 2.95

Fig.2

The F1 value changes"

Fig.3

Average image accuracy on NUS-WIDE dataset"

Fig.4

Average image recall rate on NUS-WIDE dataset"

Fig.5

Average image accuracy on FLICKR dataset"

Fig.6

Average image recall rate on FLICKR dataset"

Table 2

Annotation performance of MIR-FLICKR dataset %"

方法 API ARI APL ARL F1
lres 19.12 16.45 38.00 26.75 31.40
mpmf 16.58 15.83 38.53 26.01 31.06
twtv 21.05 17.03 38.37 26.61 31.43
cmusl 23.07 18.27 55.56 27.60 36.88

Table 3

Annotation performance of NUS-WIDE dataset %"

方法 API ARI APL ARL F1
lres 18.25 14.33 18.56 6.76 9.91
mpmf 17.02 13.41 13.30 8.24 10.18
twtv 19.47 15.48 17.24 7.64 10.59
cmusl 21.14 16.44 22.27 14.36 17.46

Table 4

Annotation performance of MSCOCOdataset %"

方法 API ARI APL ARL F1
lres 33.17 32.45 37.52 32.35 34.74
mpmf 33.21 32.39 38.11 32.24 34.93
twtv 34.34 33.26 40.50 32.01 35.76
cmusl 35.28 34.79 46.87 41.76 44.17
lres 35.83 33.96 47.16 42.53 44.73

Fig.7

Annotation precision of some labels in NUS-WIDE dataset"

Fig.8

Samples of annotated images in the NUS-WIDE dataset"

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