Journal of Shandong University(Engineering Science) ›› 2020, Vol. 50 ›› Issue (3): 125-132142.doi: 10.6040/j.issn.1672-3961.0.2019.004

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Design of triple-cables limiting-location anti-swing device for shipboard crane

Zhaopeng REN1(),Rui XI1,Shenghai WANG1,Zhijiang ZHANG2,Haiquan CHEN1,*()   

  1. 1. Marine Engineering College, Dalian Maritime University, Dalian 116026, Liaoning, China
    2. Ningbo Navigation Aids Branch, East Sea Maritime Security Center, Ningbo 315200, Zhejiang, China
  • Received:2018-12-28 Online:2020-06-20 Published:2020-06-16
  • Contact: Haiquan CHEN E-mail:18018910441@163.com;chenapec@dlmu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助(3132016345)

Abstract:

To reduce the payload pendulation of shipboard cranes, a mechanical anti-swing device based on triple-cables limiting-location was proposed. Three cables were used to pull the hook, which limited the spatial position of the payload to prevent the payload pendulation. According to the established kinematic model of the shipboard crane, the effect of length on the anti-swing was analyzed. The dynamic model of the payload system was established, and the effect of tension value on the anti-swing was analyzed. The models were verified by physical experiment based on a self-built test platform. The experimental results proved that the proposed mechanical anti-swing device based on triple-cables limiting-location had good anti-swing effect in practical applications. The overall anti-swing effect could reach more than 61%.

Key words: shipboard crane, anti-swing device, triple-cables limiting-location, mechanical anti-sway, dynamic modeling

CLC Number: 

  • U664.4+3

Fig.1

Spatial geometry model of crane"

Fig.2

Relationship between anti-swing cables and luffing angle-lifting sling"

Fig.3

Static analysis diagram of anti-swing device"

Fig.4

Dynamic analysis diagram of anti-swing device"

Fig.5

The influence of K1 and K2 on preventing the payload swing"

Fig.6

The anti-swing device test platform of ship-mounted crane"

Fig.7

The contrast test curves of payload swing angle under the different ocean conditions"

Table 1

The analysis results of anti-swing test"

试验组别船舶横摇角度/(°)船舶纵摇角度/(°)无防摇摆装置吊重最大摆角/(°)有防摇摆装置吊重最大摆角/(°)防摇摆效果/%
17016.2(面外)0.3(面外)98.1
20713.3(面内)2.6(面内)81.5
37716.6(面外)2.9(面外)82.5
47716.7(面内)5.6(面内)66.5
59019.0(面外)1.4(面外)92.6
60916.7(面内)6.5(面内)61.1
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