您的位置:山东大学 -> 科技期刊社 -> 《山东大学学报(工学版)》

山东大学学报 (工学版) ›› 2019, Vol. 49 ›› Issue (3): 114-119, 128.doi: 10.6040/j.issn.1672-3961.0.2018.529

• 化学与环境 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于生命周期评价的造纸废水的水足迹

杨冬璐(),马逍天,洪静兰*()   

  1. 山东大学环境科学与工程学院, 山东 青岛 266237
  • 收稿日期:2018-12-07 出版日期:2019-06-20 发布日期:2019-06-27
  • 通讯作者: 洪静兰 E-mail:ydl1224480287@outlook.com;hongjing@sdu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:杨冬璐(1993—),女,黑龙江鹤岗人,硕士研究生,主要研究方向为生命周期评价. E-mail:ydl1224480287@outlook.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家重点研发计划(2017YFF0206702);山东大学基础研究基金(2015JC016)

Life cycle assessment-based water footprint analysis of paper making wastewater

Donglu YANG(),Xiaotian MA,Jinglan HONG*()   

  1. School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Shandong University, Qingdao 266237, Shandong, China
  • Received:2018-12-07 Online:2019-06-20 Published:2019-06-27
  • Contact: Jinglan HONG E-mail:ydl1224480287@outlook.com;hongjing@sdu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    国家重点研发计划(2017YFF0206702);山东大学基础研究基金(2015JC016)

摘要:

造纸工业正面临着环境污染严重、资源消耗高等难题,同时缺少量化潜在环境影响的有效方法。水足迹分析法被应用于多种污水处理方案,开展清单和环境影响层面的量化分析。结果显示,污水未处置方案的水足迹影响最大,达到36.4 m3。污水处理技术改进前后,水足迹影响变化明显。技改前的水足迹影响为4.82 m3,技改后减少到1.52 m3。其中,技改后的污水处置与污泥热解气化方案的水足迹值最低(0.87 m3)。在技改后方案中,直接水足迹流程对水生富营养化和水稀缺影响贡献显著。下水污泥处置环节是致癌性影响非致癌性影响和淡水生态毒性影响的关键流程。此外,化学药品、电、盐酸的消耗等流程水足迹产生一定影响。优化淡水资源的利用、提高化学药品的使用效率有助于减少造纸行业水足迹。

关键词: 水足迹, 生命周期评价, 造纸废水处理, 污泥, 热解气化

Abstract:

The paper industry suffered serious environmental impacts and high resource consumption, and lacked an effective method to quantify the potential environmental impacts. The water footprint method was applied to different scenarios of wastewater treatment to conduct analyses at the inventory level and the environmental impact level. Results showed that wastewater without disposal scenario had the highest water footprint value, which was 36.4 m3. After the improvement of wastewater treatment, the impact of water footprint decreased significantly. The water footprint of the wastewater disposal via oxidation ditch technology was 4.82 m3, which reduced to 1.52 m3 after the technical updating. Among these scenarios, the updated wastewater treatment combined sludge pyrolysis gasification had the lowest water footprint value (0.87 m3). For the wastewater treatment updated scenarios, direct water footprint was the dominant contributor to aquatic eutrophication and water scarcity. Sewage sludge treatment was the key process to carcinogens, non-carcinogens, and freshwater ecotoxicity. Meanwhile, the consumption of chemicals, electricity, and hydrochloric acid contributed partly to the overall potential impact. It was useful to save water resource and reduce water footprint by optimizing the use of freshwater and improving the efficiency of chemicals consumption.

Key words: water footprint, life cycle assessment, paper making wastewater disposal, sewage sludge, thermal pyrolysis

中图分类号: 

  • X384

图1

系统边界图"

图2

水足迹分析结果"

图3

标准化中间点分析结果"

图4

技改后关键流程分析"

图5

灰水足迹关键物质"

表1

敏感性分析"

分类 单位 直接水足迹 化学药品 下水污泥处置
变动范围 5% 5% 5% 5%
水体富营养化 kg PO4-eq 1.24×10-5 5.27×10-7 3.01×10-7
水稀缺 m3 0.007 1.16×10-4 1.19×10-5
非致癌性影响 CTUh 0 1.80×10-10 1.18×10-7
淡水生态毒性 CTUe 0 0.20 0.34
1 中国造纸协会. 中国造纸工业2016年度报告[J]. 纸和造纸, 2017, 23 (6): 20- 31.
China Paper Association . China paper industry 2016 annual report[J]. Paper and Paper Making, 2017, 23 (6): 20- 31.
2 The Statistics Portal. Global paper production distribution by region[EB/OL]. (2015-12-01)[2019-03-06]. https://www.statista.com/topics/1701/paper-industry/.
3 Food and Agriculture Organization.Pulp and paper capacities 2006—2016[EB/OL]. (2016-08-17)[2019-03-06]. http://www.fao.org/forestry/statistics/81757/en/.
4 GEMECHU E , BUTNAR I , GOMA-CAMPS J , et al. A comparison of the GHG emissions caused by manufacturing tissue paper from virgin pulp or recycled waste paper[J]. International Journal Life Cycle Assessment, 2013, 18 (8): 1618- 1628.
doi: 10.1007/s11367-013-0597-x
5 DELGADO M , TARRES O , PELACH M , et al. Are cellulose nanofibers a solution for a more circular economy of paper products[J]. Environmental Science and Technology, 2015, 49 (20): 12206- 12213.
6 MASTERMAK A , RYBACZEWSKA M . Life cycle analysis of tissue paper manufacturing from virgin pulp or recycled waste paper[J]. Management and Production Engineering Review, 2015, 6 (16): 47- 54.
7 王洁, 贾学桦, 张亮. 新形势下造纸行业存在的环境问题及面临的环保新要求[J]. 造纸科学与技术, 2018, 37 (1): 6- 10.
WANG Jie , JIA Xuehua , ZHANG Liang . The environmental problems and new requirements in paper industry under new situation[J]. Paper Science and Technology, 2018, 37 (1): 6- 10.
8 杨科.晨鸣纸业发展战略研究[D].济南:山东大学, 2014.
YANG Ke. Development strategy research of Chenming paper industry[D]. Jinan: Shandong University, 2014.
9 BAJPAI P . Management of pulp and paper mill waste cham[M]. Zurich, Switzerland: Springer International Publishing, 2015: 9- 15.
10 OLLER I , MALATO S , SANCHEZ-PERE J . Combination of advanced oxidation processes and biological treatments for wastewater deconta-mination-a review[J]. Science of the Total Environment, 2011, 20 (409): 4141- 4166.
11 National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China.Environmental statistics[EB/OL]. (2014-12-06)[2018-12-29]. http://www.stats.gov.cn/ztjc/ztsj/hjtjzl/2014/201608/t20160831_1395064.html/.
12 HONG J , LI X . Environmental assessment of recycled printing and writing paper:a case study in China[J]. Waste Management, 2012, 32 (2): 264- 270.
doi: 10.1016/j.wasman.2011.09.026
13 王振德, 黄兆松, 蒋丽, 等. 铁载体在假交替单胞菌Cd2+去除中的作用[J]. 山东大学学报(工学版), 2018, 48 (4): 122- 127.
WANG Zhende , HUANG Zhaosong , JIANG Li , et al. Role of siderophore produced by Pseudoaltermonas sp. SCSE709-6 in the removal of Cd2+[J]. Journal of Shandong University (Engineering Science), 2018, 48 (4): 122- 127.
14 INCE B , CETECIOGLU Z , INCE O . Pollution prevention in the pulp and paper industries[M]. Environmental Management in Practice. Istanbul, Turkey: InTech, 2011: 223- 246.
15 AL-KAABI Z , PRADHAN R , THEVATHASAN N , et al. Potential value added applications of black liquor generated at paper manufacturing industry using recycled fibers[J]. Journal of Cleaner Production, 2017, 17 (149): 156- 163.
16 DEVIATKIN I , KAPUSTINA V , VASILIEVA E , et al. Comparative life cycle assessment of deinking sludge utilization alternatives[J]. Journal of Cleaner Production, 2016, 4 (112): 3232- 3243.
17 KLOPFFER W . Peer (expert) review in lca according to setac and iso 14040[J]. The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, 1997, 7 (4): 183- 184.
18 BAI X , REN X , KHANNA N Z , et al. Comprehensive water footprint assessment of the dairy industry chain based on iso 14046: a case study in china[J]. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 2018, 2 (132): 369- 375.
19 BERGER M , WARSEN J , KRINKE S , et al. Water footprint of European cars:potential impacts of water consumption along automobile life cycles[J]. Environmental Science and Technology, 2012, 46 (7): 4091- 4099.
doi: 10.1021/es2040043
20 HUIJBREGTS M , HAUSCHILD M , JOLLIET O , et al. USEtoxTM user manual[J]. The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, 2010, (12): 5- 23.
21 LI X , YANG Y , XU X , et al. Air pollution from polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons generated by human activities and their health effects in China[J]. Journal of Cleaner Production, 2016, 11 (112): 1360- 1367.
22 ZHANG Y , SUN M , HONG J , et al. Environment footprint of aluminum production in China[J]. Journal of Cleaner Production, 2016, 20 (133): 1242- 1251.
23 PLOUFFE G, BULLE C, DESCHENES L, et al. Including metal speciation in LCA terrestrial ecotoxicity: new regionalised characterization factors[C]//SETAC Europe 22nd Annual Meeting.Berlin, German: 6th SETAC World Congress, 2012: 540-547.
24 BERGER M , VANDERENT R , EISNER S , et al. Water accounting and vulnerability evaluation (wave):considering atmospheric evaporation recycling and the risk of freshwater depletion in water footprinting[J]. Environmental Science and Technology, 2014, 48 (8): 4521- 4528.
doi: 10.1021/es404994t
[1] 孙树青,孙丰凯,梁爽,徐晓丽. 一种无机复合絮凝剂的制备及其对染料废水的处理[J]. 山东大学学报(工学版), 2018, 48(2): 128-133.
[2] 袁莎莎,于海波,高明明,王新华. 有机碳源缺乏对成熟好氧颗粒污泥性能的影响[J]. 山东大学学报(工学版), 2017, 47(4): 124-130.
[3] 邓皓,王蓉沙*,张明栋,任雯,谢水祥,岳勇,刘鹏,刘晓辉. 含油污泥制备高比表面积活性炭[J]. 山东大学学报(工学版), 2014, 44(2): 69-75.
[4] 姚雅伟,崔兆杰*,王红燕. NH3-(NH4)2SO4体系浸析PCB污泥中铜的研究[J]. 山东大学学报(工学版), 2010, 40(2): 95-98.
[5] 王晓伟 李剑峰 李方义 王黎明. 机电产品生命周期评价指标与量化方法研究[J]. 山东大学学报(工学版), 2009, 39(5): 73-78.
[6] 李善评,赵玉晓,乔鹏,冯正志 . 好氧颗粒污泥的培养及基质降解和污泥生长动力学分析[J]. 山东大学学报(工学版), 2008, 38(3): 95-98 .
[7] 刘豆豆,乔梁,赵大传,吴晓娟 . ABR处理甘薯淀粉废水的试验研究[J]. 山东大学学报(工学版), 2006, 36(4): 70-74 .
[8] 张英,郎咏梅,赵玉晓,张鉴达,乔鹏,李善评 . 由EGSB厌氧颗粒污泥培养好氧颗粒污泥的工艺探讨[J]. 山东大学学报(工学版), 2006, 36(4): 56-59 .
[9] . 好氧颗粒污泥的性质及形成机理的探讨[J]. 山东大学学报(工学版), 2006, 36(3): 116-119 .
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
[1] 王素玉,艾兴,赵军,李作丽,刘增文 . 高速立铣3Cr2Mo模具钢切削力建模及预测[J]. 山东大学学报(工学版), 2006, 36(1): 1 -5 .
[2] 张永花,王安玲,刘福平 . 低频非均匀电磁波在导电界面的反射相角[J]. 山东大学学报(工学版), 2006, 36(2): 22 -25 .
[3] 李 侃 . 嵌入式相贯线焊接控制系统开发与实现[J]. 山东大学学报(工学版), 2008, 38(4): 37 -41 .
[4] 孔祥臻,刘延俊,王勇,赵秀华 . 气动比例阀的死区补偿与仿真[J]. 山东大学学报(工学版), 2006, 36(1): 99 -102 .
[5] 李梁,罗奇鸣,陈恩红. 对象级搜索中基于图的对象排序模型(英文)[J]. 山东大学学报(工学版), 2009, 39(1): 15 -21 .
[6] 陈瑞,李红伟,田靖. 磁极数对径向磁轴承承载力的影响[J]. 山东大学学报(工学版), 2018, 48(2): 81 -85 .
[7] 王波,王宁生 . 机电装配体拆卸序列的自动生成及组合优化[J]. 山东大学学报(工学版), 2006, 36(2): 52 -57 .
[8] 李可,刘常春,李同磊 . 一种改进的最大互信息医学图像配准算法[J]. 山东大学学报(工学版), 2006, 36(2): 107 -110 .
[9] 季涛,高旭,孙同景,薛永端,徐丙垠 . 铁路10 kV自闭/贯通线路故障行波特征分析[J]. 山东大学学报(工学版), 2006, 36(2): 111 -116 .
[10] 浦剑1 ,张军平1 ,黄华2 . 超分辨率算法研究综述[J]. 山东大学学报(工学版), 2009, 39(1): 27 -32 .